Good Results Begin by Accurately Measuring Dry Ingredients

ingredients measured ready for baking

As any cook or baker knows, baking is a science. When baking cakes, cookies, pies or muffins exactly measuring your dry ingredients is paramount to success. Unlike other forms of cooking, you simply cannot throw in a bit of this or a bit of that.

Most recipes follow a specific formula using basic ingredients such as flour, sugar, butter, eggs etc.

If you alter that ratio your results will not be the same. Which means that your ingredients must be measured out. This can be done either by weight or using calibrated cups or spoons.

Many recipes give ingredients in both cup measures and weight. Follow one set of measures only – they are not interchangeable.

Why? Because when converting ounces or grams to cups, only approximates are given.

Measuring Equipment

To get the same results every time, it is important to use standard measuring equipment, not regular kitchen cups and spoons.


Measuring by weight is the most accurate way of measuring dry ingredients. Spoon the ingredients into the bowl or tray on the scales.

Measuring Spoons

To measure with a spoon, scoop the flour with the spoon then level off with a knife.

Measuring with Cups

Dry ingredients such as flour and sugar are measured using specially calibrated measuring cups.   It is recommended that you use these for baking.  You will get a far more accurate measurement which could otherwise affect your baking.

How to Measure Flour

spooning flour into measuring cup
begin to level off flour
levelling off flour
cup of measured flour

Before spooning the flour into the measuring cup, stir it lightly with a fork to aerate it.

Fill the cup by spooning the flour into the cup. But don’t pack it down. Just tap the cup lightly.

Level off the excess flour by sweeping the straight edge of the knife across the top.

What is a scant cup?

Fill with the flour, level with the back of a knife, then scoop out about 1 tablespoon.

What is a generous cup?

Fill the cup, level with a knife, then add about 1 tablespoon.

Measuring Sugar

Granulated or Superfine Sugar

Spoon into the cup and level off the top with a knife the same as for flour.

Confectioners or powdered sugar

Should be sifted before measuring. Spoon into the cup then level off with a knife.

Brown Sugar


When a recipe calls for packed brown sugar, it means the sugar should be firmly pressed down into the measuring cup.

Spoon the sugar into a dry measuring cup then press the sugar into the cup with the back of a spoon.  Continue to add and pack more sugar until it reaches the rim of the measuring cup.  Then level off with the flat side of a knife as you do for flour.


If the recipe doesn't specify that the sugar be firmly packed, simply lightly spoon the brown sugar into the cup then level off with a knife as normal.

» » Measuring Dry Ingredients

New! Comments

Have your say about what you just read! Leave me a comment in the box below.
Share this page:
Enjoy this page? Please pay it forward. Here's how...

Would you prefer to share this page with others by linking to it?

  1. Click on the HTML link code below.
  2. Copy and paste it, adding a note of your own, into your blog, a Web page, forums, a blog comment, your Facebook account, or anywhere that someone would find this page valuable.